大发时时彩外挂:在印度装配:追随中国的战略为何可能并不明智_热点_CHN强国网-军事网站

在印度装配:追随中国的战略为何可能并不明智

2020-02-10 16:42:00 | 来源: | 参与: 0

  Assemble in India: Why it may not be prudent to follow China’s strategy

  在印度装配:追随中国的战略为何可能并不明智

  The Economic Survey 2020 was tabled on Friday, January 31st, amidst an economic slowdown, coupled with rising food inflation. While the Survey emphasized on the importance of an expansionary fiscal policy and an investment-led growth, it also advocated 10 key ideas that could help address some of the structural issues that have caused the slowdown. Among the idea of creating wealth, enabling entrepreneurs, examining go nment’s intervention, and reducing financial stress, one of the focus was on creating jobs and growth by emphasizing on “Assemble in India for the world” and integrating it into our “Make in India” programme.

  《2020年经济调查》已于1月31日(周五)提交,时值经济放缓,食品价格上涨。尽管该调查强调了扩张性财政政策和投资拉动型增长的重要性,但它也提出了10个关键观点,可能有助于解决导致经济放缓的一些结构性问题。在创造财富、鼓励企业家、审查政府干预和减轻财政压力的想法中,重点之一是通过强调“在印度为全球装配”并将其纳入“印度制造”计划来创造就业和增长。

  The desire to continue to build on initial reforms and programmes undertaken during Modi 1.0 comes across loud and clear in this idea. But what it also stressed was to chart a China-like, labour-intensive, export trajectory. It was argued that by adopting a strategy like that of China, India can not only improve its share in global exports, but also create well-paid jobs.

  在“莫迪1.0”期间,继续推进初步改革和计划的愿望在这个想法中清晰而响亮地体现出来。但它也强调了要规划一条类似中国的劳动密集型的出口轨迹。有人认为,通过采取类似中国的战略,印度不仅能提高其在全球出口中的份额,而且还能创造高薪工作岗位。

  Creating jobs will be crucial in order to deal with concerns regarding sustaining consumer demand at the macro level, and the economic survey addressed this issue. Highlighting the importance of the manufacturing sector in its ability to create jobs is also worthwhile. However, following China’s strategy might require some prudence among policymakers given that the world has dramatically changed in terms of technology and the environment since China adopted it in the early 1990s.

  创造就业是处理有关在宏观层面上维持消费需求问题的重中之重,经济调查解决了这个问题。强调制造业在创造就业能力方面的重要性也很重要。然而,鉴于自中国在上世纪90年代初采用这一战略以来,世界在技术和环境方面发生了巨大变化,决策者们或许需要在一定程度上谨慎行事。

  Post its liberalization, China rode the wave of globalization and low factor costs aided in creating a scale and capacity that was needed to be globally competitive. During this process, China also emphasized on building its own infrastructure, thus creating a sustainable demand for its own manufacturing produce. As the economy expanded its scale and scope of production, it also evolved in terms of creating its own ecosystem of technology and entrepreneurship.

  执行市场自由化政策后,中国借助全球化和低要素成本的浪潮,创造了具有全球竞争力所需的规模和能力。在这一过程中,中国也强调建设自己的基础设施,从而为自己的制造业产品创造了可持续的需求。随着经济规模和生产范围的扩大,它也在创造自己的技术和创业生态系统方面发生了变化。

  This time it’s different

  这次不同了

  Over the past few years, Industry 4.0 has provided manufacturers with faster, flexible, and more proficient processes that produce goods of higher-quality and at lower costs. Manufacturing industry leaders in today’s world have taken an increasingly large role around climate change and environmental sustainability as well as resource scarcity. Besides, India has to fight the wave of anti-globalisation and trade uncertainties that the world is experiencing currently.

  在过去几年中,工业4.0为制造商提供了更快、更灵活、更熟练的生产流程,以生产更高质量、更低成本的产品。当今世界的制造业领袖在气候变化、环境可持续性以及资源稀缺方面发挥着越来越大的作用。此外,印度还必须应对当前世界正在经历的反全球化浪潮和贸易不确定性。

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